The Age of Alfred – Paper.
King Alfred the Great was born in the year 849 at Wantage, Berkshire. His parents were Aethelwulf and Osburh. He became king in the year 871, died on October 26th, 899, and was buried at Winchester. He was married to Ealhswith of Mercia and had five children; Aelfthryth, Aethelflaed, Aethelgifu, Edward, and Aethelweard. He was succeeded by his son Edward.
Alfred defended England against Danish invasion and founded the first English navy. A new legal code came into force during Alfred’s reign. He encouraged the translation of scholarly works from Latin, some he even translated himself, and promoted the development of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle ensured that Alfreds’ deeds were recorded in history as legends, therefore more is known about Alfred compared to any other Anglo-Saxon king.
In 870, along with his brother Aethelred, Alfred fought countless battles against the Danes. After a series of battles in which the Danes were defeated,including the battle at Ashdown in 871, Alfred succeeded Ethelred as king in April 871. Alfred was not always successful though. Many times he had to resort to buying off the Danes for a brief respite. In 876, the Danes attacked again; and in 878, Alfred was forced to retire to the stronghold of Athelney which was, at that time, an island in the Somerset levels.
His comeback and great victory at Edington in 878 secured the survival of Wessex; and the treaty of Wedmore with the Danish king Guthrum in 886 established a boundary between the Danelaw, east of Watling Street, and the Saxons to the west. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle says that following his capture of London in 866, all the English people submitted to him, except the ones that were captured by the Danes. Alfred actually could be considered the first King of England. A new landing in Kent encouraged a revolt of the East Anglian Danes, which was suppressed 884-86. After the final foreign invasion was defeated 892-96, Alfred…
Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies *
– Anglo Saxon Index A
comprehensive index of Materials for the study of Anglo-Saxon England
– The Dictionary of Old English at the University of Toronto
– Fontes Anglo-Saxonici A Register of
Written Sources Used by Anglo-Saxon Authors
– British Library
– British Museum
– Old English Newsletter Online
(Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England)
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